#Public health

S brain and more creates a 3-D model.

Obtaining a more accurate watch of the brain's network of neurons can help medical researchers know how the brain's connection is disrupted in mental and neurological conditions such as schizophrenia, depression, autism and anxiety. For Angelucci, who works at the University of Utah's Moran Eye Center, this also can aid study on such vision-related circumstances as amblyopia, a disorder where a single or both eyes lack visual acuity, and various forms of retinal degeneration.But that move may not be enough, as the publisher Hindawi found out this past spring. Although Hindawi doesn’t allow authors suggest reviewers for their manuscripts, it decided to examine the peer-review information for manuscripts submitted in 2013 and 2014 for possible fraud. The peer-review procedure used in Hindawi’s journals depends primarily on the expertise of its editorial board members and the guest editors of special issues, who are in charge of supervising the review of submitted manuscripts.5 Because the peer reviewers chosen by the guest editors weren’t subject to any sort of independent verification, editors themselves could undermine the procedure in much the same way that authors or third-party agencies did elsewhere: by creating fake reviewer identities and addresses that they submitted reviews that are positive endorsing publication.